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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 106-109

Indications of total hip arthroplasty at a tertiary hospital in Jeddah

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Amre Sami Hamdi
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ssj.ssj_24_17

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Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the indications of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) at a tertiary hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: The electronic medical records system (Phoenix) of the hospital was searched for all registered patients who had undergone THA between 2001 and 2015. The research team reviewed patients' files, X-rays and collected data, including patients aged at the time of surgery, procedure year, site, and presurgical diagnosis. Results: A total of 107 patients had undergone THA during the study. Gender-specific prevalence was 50.5% in females and 49.5% in males; the average age of the patients was 52 years. Of the 107 patients, only 15% had bilateral surgery, and 46.7% of the 85% who had unilateral THA had surgery on the left side. The main indication of surgery included primary hip osteoarthritis (OA) (43.9%), avascular necrosis (25.2%), posttraumatic arthritis (22.4%), developmental dislocation of the hip (5.6%), hip ankylosis (1.9%), and postinfection arthritis (0.9%). Conclusions: The rate of THA at our institution increased through between 2001 and 2015; approximately, 66.4% of surgeries were performed during the last 7 years. OA was the most common indication of surgery during the study.

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